Article 6418

Title of the article

ANTHROPOMETRIC FEATURES OF RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN STUDENTS OF THE MEDICAL
INSTITUTE PENZA STATE UNIVERSITY 

Authors

Kalmin Oleg Vital'evich, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of human anatomy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: ovkalmin@gmail.com
Galkina Tat'yana Nesterovna, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of human anatomy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: galkinatn@gmail.com
Luk'yanenko Danila Aleksandrovich, Assistant, sub-department of human anatomy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: myromets93@yandex.ru 

Index UDK

572.5 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2018-4-6 

Abstract

Background. Due to the change of a picture of population in the Penza region caused by educational migration there is relevant a question of a research of anthropometrical these foreign students for comparison of variability of various sexual, age and racial signs.
Materials and methods. The research has included 70 male students of 17–21 years divided into two groups according to national sign. Cephalometry and a somatometry were carried out by V. V. Bunak's technique (1941) taking into account V.S. Speransky's recommendations (1988) by standard tools.
Results. The mezocephalic shape of the head occurs among inhabitants of the Penza region in 39,4 %, among representatives of the Arab countries brachycephals (60 %) prevail. Students are citizens of the Russian Federation mainly average and narrow-faced, foreign students mainly narrow-faced (54,29 %). At the studied young men of both groups the athletic type of a constitution (46,67 % and 45,71 % respectively) most often meets a narrow thorax, in 1 group – 66 % of andromorphs, in the 2nd group – 62,86 % of mesomorphs. Representatives 2 groups are more inclined to excess weight: 22,86 % – excess weight, 8,57 % obesity, unlike 1 group: 16 % - excess weight, 7 % obesity.
Conclusions. During the research differences between cephalometrical and somatometrical parameters of representatives of citizens of the Russian Federation and the Arab countries are revealed. 

Key words

anthropometry, body type, physical development, Caucasians, Arabs, regional features, gracization 

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References

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Дата создания: 17.06.2019 13:28
Дата обновления: 17.06.2019 14:19